Log in

No account? Create an account

Oltra Mar

Posting Access:
All Members
This community has been formed for people with a historical, as well as movie-based, interest in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem and its leading personalities, especially in 12C. Historical chat, is fanfic (historical or Kingdom of Heaven inspired), but no non-canonical slash, please, or sexploitation-fic. Please also note that this is an international community: debating historical issues is fine, and fun, but please treat other members as you would wish to be treated.


Primary & Reference:

Original Languages:

Gallica - Bibliothèque Nationale Française site - For free downloads as PDFs. Includes the Recueil des Historiens des Croisades, and various volumes from the English 'Rolls' series of chronicle texts. Run a search ("recherche") on the word "croisade" or "croisades". "Télécharger" means "download".

Monumenta Germaniæ Historica - Latin chronicle texts, not just from the HRE, but also from France, England, Italy and other places. Lots of useful stuff, which you can see if you click open the folders. Also contains some material in German.

Latin Vulgate Bible - This is the version used in the Middle Ages, often quoted in letters, tracts and chronicles; with English translation.

The Anglo-Norman Hub - This includes an Anglo-Norman Dictionary which is also useful for Old French in general.

Lexique de l'Ancien Français - Old French-Modern French dictionary.

Lexic Occitan Medieval - Mediæval Occitan-Modern French Dictionary.

Lexic Englés-Occitan - English-Modern Occitan Dictionary.

Middle High German-Modern German Dictionary, by Lexer.

Middle High German-Modern German Dictionary, by Benecke, Müller & Zarncke.

Latin WORDS - A Latin dictionary for your computer, does Latin-English, and English-Latin.


De Re Militari List of Primary Source links.

Ambroise, The History of the Holy War: Ambroise’s L’Estoire de la Guerre Sainte, ed. and trans. Marianne Ailes & Malcolm Barber, 2 vols (Woodbridge, 2003).
Andrea, A.J., Contemporary Sources for the Fourth Crusade.
Anna Comnena, The Alexiad, trans. E.R.A. Sewter (Suffolk, 1969) (E. A. Dawes 1928 edition online)
Baha al-Din ibn Shaddad, The Rare and Excellent History of Saladin, trans. D. S. Richards (Aldershot, 2001). (1897 edition online)
Choniates, Niketas, O City of Byzantium, Annals of Niketas Choniates, trans. Harry J. Magoulias (Detroit, 1984).
Conder, C. R. (trans.) The City of Jerusalem, The Library of the Palestine Pilgrims’ Text Society Vol. VI (New York, 1971).
Conrad III, Letters.
Edbury, Peter W. (trans.), The Conquest of Jerusalem and the Third Crusade: Sources in Translation (Aldershot, 1998)
Fulcher of Chartres, A History of the Expedition to Jerusalem 1095-1127 (trans. F.R. Ryan).
Gabrieli, Francesco (ed.), Arab Historians of the Crusades, trans. E. J. Costello (Berkeley, Los Angeles & London, 1969).
Gesta Francorum et Aliorum Hierosolimitanorum, ed. & trans. R. Hill (London, 1962) (A Latin version is available at http://www.archive.org/details/GestaFrancorum)
Gordon, J., ‘The Novgorod Account of the Fourth Crusade’, Byzantion, Vol. 43 (1973) pp. 297-311.
Gunther of Pairis, The Capture of Constantinople: The "Hysteria Constantinopolitana" of Gunther of Pairis, ed. A.J. Andrea.
John Kinnamos, The Deeds of John and Manuel Comnenus, trans. C. M. Brand.
Ibn al-Qalanisi, The Damascus Chronicle of the Crusades, extracted and translated from the chronicle of of Ibn al Qalanisi, trans. H. A. R Gibb.
King, E. J., The Rule, Statutes and Customs of the Hospitallers 1099-1310 (London, 1934).
Matthew of Edessa, Armenia and the Crusades, Tenth to Twelfth Centuries: The Chronicle of Matthew of Edessa, trans. A.J. Dostourian.
Nicholson, Helen J. (trans.), Chronicle Of The Third Crusade: A Translation of the ‘Itinerarium Peregrinorum et Gesta Regis Ricardi’ (Aldershot, 1997); Anonymous translation of the Itinerarium.
Odo of Deuil, De profectione Ludovici VII in orientem, trans. V.G. Berry.
Peter Tudebode, Historia de Hierosolymitano Itinere (ed. J.H. & L.L. Hill).
Peters, E., (ed.), The First Crusade: The Chronicle of Fulcher of Chartres and Other Source Materials, 2nd Edition (Philadelphia, 1998).
Peters, E., Christian Society and the Crusades 1198-1229 (includes bits and bobs, but crucially the whole of Oliver of Padeborn’s chronicle of the ‘5th Crusade’).
Phillip de Novare, The Wars of Frederick II Against the Ibelins in Syria and Cyprus, trans. J.L. Lamonte.
Powell J.M. (ed.), The Deeds of Innocent III.
Ralph of Caen,The Gesta Tancredi of Ralph of Caen, trans. B.S. & D.S. Bachrach.
Raymond of Aguilers, Historia Francorum qui ceperunt Iherusalem, trans. J.H. Hill & L.L. Hill (Philadelphia, 1968).
Robert of Clari, The Conquest of Constantinople.
Theoderich, Description of the Holy Places, trans. Aubrey Stewart, The Library of the Palestine Pilgrims’ Text Society Vol. V (New York, 1971).
Upton-Ward, J.M. (trans.), The Rule of the Templars: The French Text of the Order of the Knights Templar (Rochester, 1997).
Usahma ibn-Munqidh, An Arab Syrian Gentleman and Warrior, trans. P.K. Hitti.
Villehardouin, Geoffrey de, & Joinville, Jean de, Chronicles of the Crusades, trans. M. R. B. Shaw (London, 1963).
Walter the Chancellor, Walter the Chancellor's "The Antiochene Wars": A Translation and Commentary, trans. T.S. Asbridge & S.B. Edgington.
William of Tyre, The History of Deeds Done Beyond the Sea, trans. Emily Atwater Babcock & August C. Krey (New York, 1943).
Wilkinson, J., Jerusalem Pilgrimage 1099-1185.


Abulafia, D., Frederick II: A Medieval Emperor, 2nd ed.
Angold, M., The Fourth Crusade: Event and Context.
Asbridge, T., The First Crusade: A New History.
Asbridge, T.S., The Creation of the Principality of Antioch, 1098-1130.
Baldwin, M. W., Raymond III of Tripolis and the Fall of Jerusalem (1140-1187) (Princeton, 1936).
Barber, M., The Two Cities: Medieval Europe 1050-1320, 2nd ed.
Blake, E.O., ‘The Formation of the “Crusade idea”’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, vol. 21 (1970), pp. 11-31.
Boas, Adrian J. Jerusalem in the Time of the Crusades: Society, Landscape and Art in the Holy City under Frankish Rule (London, 2001).
Brand, Charles M., Byzantium Confronts the West (Cambridge, MA, 1968).
Bull, M.G., Knightly Piety and the Lay Response to the First Crusade.
Cowdrey, H.E.J. ‘The Peace and Truce of God in the eleventh century’, Past and Present, vol. 46 (1970), pp.42-67
Edbury, Peter W., John of Ibelin and the Kingdom of Jerusalem (Woodbridge, 1997).
Ehrenkreutz, Andrew S., Saladin (Albany, 1972).
Erdmann, C., The Origin of the Idea of Crusade.
France, J., Victory in the East: A Military History of the First Crusade.
Gervers, M., The Second Crusade and the Cistercians.
Gilchrist, Marianne M., “Character-Assassination: Conrad de Monferrat in English-language Fiction & Popular Histories”, Bollettino del Marchesato (Alessandria), no. 6, Nov. 2005, pp. 5-13.
Hamilton, Bernard, Religion in the Medieval West.
Hamilton, Bernard, The Leper King and His Heirs (Cambridge, 2000).
Harris, Jonathan, Byzantium and the Crusades (London & New York, 2003).
Hillenbrand, C., The Crusades: Islamic Perspectives.
Jacoby, David, “Conrad, Marquis of Montferrat, and the Kingdom of Jerusalem (1187-1192)”, Laura Balletto (ed.), Dai feudi monferrini e dal Piemonte ai nuovi mondi oltre gli oceani (Alessandria, 1993), pp. 187-238.
Housley, N., The Later Crusades, 1274-1580: From Lyons to Alcazar.
Jidejian, Nina, Tyre through the Ages (Beirut, 1969).
Kedar, Benjamin Z., H. E. Mayer & R. C. Smail (ed.) Outremer: Studies in the Crusading Kingdom of Jerusalem (Jerusalem, 1982).
Kedar, Benjamin Z.(ed.), The Horns of Hattin (Jerusalem, 1992)
Kedar, Benjamin Z. "The Battle of Hattin Revisited", from The Horns of Hattin: Proceedings of the Second Conference of the Society of the Crusades and the Latin East (1992).
Kedar, Benjamin Z., J. Riley-Smith & R. Hiestand (ed.) Montjoie: Studies in Crusade History in Honour of Hans Eberhard Mayer (Aldershot, 1997).
Kedar, B.Z., ‘The Subjected Muslims of the Frankish Levant’, Muslims Under Latin Rule, ed. J.M. Powell.
Kennedy, Hugh, Crusader Castles (Cambridge, 1994).
Kohout, Natalie, The Order of St Lazarus in the Latin East
Lewis, Bernard, The Assassins: A Radical Sect in Islam (London, 1967)
Lyons, M. C. & D.E.P. Jackson, Saladin : The Politics of the Holy War (Cambridge, 1984).
Maalouf, Amin, The Crusades Through Arab Eyes.
Marcombe, David, Leper Knights: The Order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem in England, 1150-1544 (2004).
Mayer, Hans Eberhard, “On the Beginnings of the Communal Movement in the Holy Land: The Commune of Tyre”, Traditio, vol. 24 (New York, 1968), pp. 443-457.
Mayer, Hans Eberhard, The Crusades (2nd ed.).
Mayer, Hans Eberhard, “Studies in the History of Queen Melisende of Jerusalem.”, Dumbarton Oaks Papers, vol. 26 (1972).
Mitchell, Piers D., “The Archaeological Approach to the Study of Disease in the Crusader States, as Employed at Le Petit Gerin” in The Military Orders, Volume 2, ed. Helen Nicholson, 43-50 (Aldershot, 1998).
Mitchell, Piers D. “The Evolution of Social Attitudes to the Medical Care of Those With Leprosy Within the Crusader States,” Lépreux et sociabilité du Moyen aux Temps modernes 11 (2000): 21-27.
Mitchell, Piers D., Medicine in the Crusades: Warfare, Wounds and the Medieval Surgeon (Cambridge 2004).
Morgan, Margaret Ruth, The Chronicle of Ernoul and the Continuations of William of Tyre (Oxford, 1973).
Murray, A. V.(ed), From Clermont to Jerusalem: The Crusades and Crusader Societies, 1095-1500.
Murray, Alan, The Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem : a dynastic history 1099-1125.
Nicholson, Helen, The Knights Templar: A New History (Stroud, 2001).
Nicolle, David, Saladin and the Saracens: Armies of the Middle East 1100-1300 (Oxford, 1986).
Nicolle, David, The Crusades (Oxford, 1988).
Nicolle, David, Hattin 1187: Saladin's Greatest Victory (Oxford, 1993).
Nicolle, David, Knight of Outremer AD 1187-1344 (Oxford, 1996).
Nicolle, David, Crusader Castles in the Holy Land 1097-1192 (Oxford, 2004).
Nicolle, David, The Third Crusade 1191: Richard the Lionheart, Saladin & the Struggle for Jerusalem (Oxford, 2006).
Phillips, J.P. (ed), The First Crusade: Origins and Impact.
Phillips, J.P., Defenders of the Holy Land: The Latin East and West 1119-1187.
Phillips, J.P. & Hoch, M. (eds.), The Second Crusade: Scope and Consequences.
Phillips, J.P, The Fourth Crusade and the Sack of Constantinople.
Prawer, Joshua, The Crusaders’ Kingdom: European Colonialism in the Middle East (New York, 1972) (aka The Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem: European Colonialism in the Middle East in some editions).
Queller, D.E., & Madden, T.F., The Fourth Crusade: The Conquest of Constantinople, 2nd ed.
Richard, Jean, The Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem (Amsterdam, NY & Oxford, 1979).
Richard, Jean, The Crusades c.1071-c.1291.
Richard, Jean, Saint Louis: Crusader King of France.
Riley-Smith, Jonathan, The Feudal Nobility and the Kingdom of Jerusalem, 1174-1277 (London, 1973).
Riley-Smith, Jonathan, The First Crusade and the Idea of Crusading (London, 1986).
Riley-Smith, Jonathan, The Crusades: A Short History (London & New Haven, 1987)
Riley-Smith, Jonathan, (ed.), The Oxford Illustrated History of the Crusades (Oxford, 1999).
Runciman, Steven, A History of the Crusades, vols. 2-3 (Cambridge, 1951-54).
Setton, Kenneth (ed.), A History of the Crusades.
Shatzmiller, Maya (ed.), Christians and Muslims in Twelfth-Century Syria (Leiden, 1993).
Siberry, Elizabeth, The New Crusaders: Images of the Crusades in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries (Aldershot, 2000).
Tyerman, Christopher, The Invention of the Crusades (London, 1998).
Tyerman, Christopher, Fighting for Christendom: Holy War and the Crusades (Oxford 2004).
Tyerman, Christopher, God's War: A New History of the Crusades (2006)
Williams, Patrick A. “The Assassination of Conrad of Montferrat: Another Suspect?” Traditio, vol. 26 (New York, 1970), pp. 381-89.
Wise, Terence, Armies of the Crusades (Oxford, 1978).
balian of ibelin, byzantium, conrad of montferrat, ernoul, eschiva of tiberias, frederick barbarossa, guy de lusignan, hattin, henry of champagne, isabella i of jerusalem, jonathan riley-smith, joshua prawer, king baldwin iv, king baldwin v, kingdom of heaven, latin kingdom of jerusalem, manuel komnenos, maria komnene, niketas choniates, outremer, raymond iii of tripoli, reynaud of sidon, richard i, saint-gilles family, saladin, second crusade, sibylla of jerusalem, siege of acre, siege of tyre, steven runciman, third crusade, troubadours, twelfth century, twelfth-century renaissance, william ii of sicily, william of montferrat, william of tyre